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CLAT Exam Pattern - Complete details

The Association of NLUs (National Law Universities) releases the CLAT exam pattern each year including the number and the type of questions asked in the examination paper. Another crucial aspect of the CLAT exam pattern is that it mentions the weightage for each section of the exam. We advise that the applicants carefully go through the entire CLAT exam pattern before preparing for the CLAT examination. Once candidates go through the CLAT exam pattern, it helps them understand what type of a question paper they can expect and the number and type of questions they will ask in the CLAT examination. There are various other things that an applicant should be aware of, such as the marking scheme, language options available, and also the sections covered. An applicant can only understand such details by going through the CLAT exam pattern.

CLAT Exam Pattern Highlights

Following are the key features of the CLAT exam pattern, including the details about the kind of questions, test medium, and various other details:

SpecificsHighlights of the CLAT exam pattern
Mode of examOffline Examination
Duration of examination2 hrs
LanguageEnglish
Questions TypeMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Examination Subjects
  • Current Affairs including General Knowledge
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques
  • English Language
Total Number of Questions
  • CLAT LLM - 120
  • CLAT UG - 150
Maximum Marks
  • CLAT LLM - 120
  • CLAT UG - 150
Marking scheme
  • One mark for a correct answer
  • 0.25 marks will be deducted for an incorrect answer

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CLAT Exam Pattern Marking Scheme 

Following are the details about the CLAT Exam pattern marking scheme:

  • For every correct answer, candidates are given one mark.
  • 0.25 marks will be deducted from the total marks for every incorrect answer.
  • No marks are deducted or awarded for questions that are not attempted.
CLAT Marking ParametersMarks Given
Right answer1 mark
Wrong answer-0.25 marks are deducted
Un-attempted question0

CLAT Exam Pattern - Key Highlights

  • Passage-based questions: Other than the quantitative technique section, the remaining four sections comprise passage-based questions. The Current Affairs, English, and Logical Reasoning sections comprise 450-word passages. A series of questions follow each passage, and the Logical Reasoning section includes short passages of around 350 words.
  • Total questions and marks: The CLAT UG exam comprise 150 MCQs, where each question carries 1 mark. There is a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer.
  • Descriptive section: There is no descriptive/subjective/essay writing section in CLAT LLM or CLAT UG. This section has been eliminated from the CLAT exam pattern for now.
  • Quantitative Techniques section: This section includes brief sets of facts, graphs, pictorial representation, propositions, etc. The applicant has to go through these passages and representations to get the answers.
  • Skills to be evaluated: The CLAT examination paper tests applicants' reasoning and comprehension skills. Thus, rote learning cannot help an applicant pass the examination.
  • Exam difficulty level: The CLAT exam pattern is such that you can compare the difficulty of the CLAT examination to that of Class 12. The questions present in the quantitative techniques section are of Class 10 difficulty level.
  • The total number of questions and marking scheme - The CLAT UG comprises 150 objective-type questions, while the LLM examination paper comprises 120 questions. Each question is for one mark, while for each wrong answer, 0.25 marks are deducted.

CLAT Exam Pattern Number of Questions Section-Wise Weightage

Following are the details for the CLAT UG Syllabus. 

Topics/SubjectsTotal questionsPercentage Weightage
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge35 to 39 20
English Language28 to32 20
Legal Reasoning35 to 39 25
Quantitative Techniques13 to 17 10
Logical Reasoning28-32 20

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Following are the details for the CLAT PG Syllabus

SubjectsTotal MCQ questionsMarks
Other Law Subjects, including Torts, Criminal Law, Contract, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.6060
Constitutional Law6060
Total120120

CLAT Exam Syllabus

The CLAT syllabus includes details of the kind of questions asked in the examination. The syllabus includes crucial books and topics that applicants must study well for the CLAT examination. A few of the important CLAT topics which applicants must prepare for the forthcoming CLAT examination include:

CLAT SectionsImportant Topics
English Language
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammar (fill in the blanks, correct the incorrect grammatical sentences, and so on.)
Current Affairs including General Knowledge
  • Static GK (Culture & Art and History)
  • Information of events happening internationally and nationally.
Legal ReasoningGeneral awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues.
Logical Reasoning
  • Analogies
  • Relationships
  • Arguments
  • Logical Sequences
Quantitative Techniques
  • Ratios and Proportions
  • Mensuration
  • Statistics
  • Basic Algebra

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Conclusion

Through the CLAT examination, applicants can secure admission to the prestigious NLUs and other private Law schools. So, if you are considering studying law, then go through the CLAT exam pattern before you start preparing for the examination. 

FAQs

1. Where can one see the details of the CLAT exam pattern?

Association of NLUs (National Law Universities) releases the updated CLAT exam pattern on the official website. The details of the exam pattern have also been provided in this article.

2. Is the CLAT examination held in an online mode or an offline mode?

The CLAT examination is typically held offline, which means it is a pen and paper-based examination. While the examination is generally held offline, only in the year 2020, due to the pandemic, the CLAT examination was held as an online examination.

3. Is the CLAT exam pattern tough?

The national-level law entrance examination is thought to be one of the toughest admission tests all over India due to various reasons, such as the CLAT exam pattern, competition, number of seats, and cut-off marks. 

4. Is mathematics compulsory for CLAT?   

No, it is not mandatory to have studied Mathematics at the Class 12 level based on the eligibility criteria of CLAT.

FAQs

What is the application fees for CLAT Exam?

₹4000/- for General / OBC / Specially abled & other category candidates and ₹ 3500/- for SC/ST category candidates
-

How many institutes participate in the CLAT 2021? +

These courses are offered by the 22 NLUs & other universities and colleges throughout the country.

What is the age limit for applying to CLAT 2021? +

There is no age limit for applying for ClAT 2021.

When is the last date to apply for CLAT exam? +

The last date for the CLAT exam is now extended till May 9, 2022.

What is the exam fees for CLAT? +

General / OBC / Specially abled & other category candidates - ₹4000/- and for SC/ST category candidates - ₹ 3500/-

When is CLAT 2022 Exam? +

CLAT 2022 Exam will be held on June 19, 2022.

When is the CLAT 2023 Exam? +

CLAT 2023 Exam will be held on 18th December 2022.

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